Poland is one of the ancient nations that were formed approximately 10th century. It is Central Europe, east of Europe and the majority of the area being a flat plane and mountains along the south border. Warsaw is the capital of Poland which was fully destroyed in World War II and was rebuilt from scratch again. Royal Castle of Warsaw which was reconstructed after the world war is a must see attraction. The Lazienky Palace should also be not missed which has an open air theatre and Chopin’s monument. Krakow is the second biggest city of Poland stands as a witness to its medieval era. Poland has a strong liking to music and theatre and thus home to many theatres and opera houses. Popular Polish Cuisines include Zrazy Zawijane (mushroom-stuffed beefsteak rolls in sour cream) served with boiled kasza (buckwheat) and pigs’ knuckles.
It is located in Central Europe, east of Germany bordering the Baltic Sea, the Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany.
The climate of Poland can be termed as Temperate. Winters are severe inland with average temperatures in Warsaw being 23°F (-5°C). Summers are hot inland with average temperatures in July around 66°F (19°C). The precipitation occurs round the year.
Population & Languages:
The population of Poland is roughly 38.5 million and the official language being spoken is Polish.
Handshaking is the common custom. It is customary to bring flowers if you are going to someone’s house. Dressing is fairly traditional and casual and formal for entertainment in the evening or in a good restaurant. Smoking is forbidden in some public buildings. Tipping is 10 to 15 percent in restaurant, hotels and taxis.
Warsaw: The city was completely destroyed in World War II and was fully rebuilt after the war. The popular sites embrace Historic Museum of Warsaw, the Lazienki Palace with its open air theatre and Chopin’s monuments, and Palace of Culture and Sciences.
Cracow: St. Mary’s Church, Royal Castle, and Royal Cathedral on top of Wawel Hill
By Air – The national airline of Romania is LOT Polish Airlines (LO). Many popular airlines that fly to Poland contain Aeroflot, Air France, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Easyjet, El Al, Lufthansa, Ryanair, SAS and Swiss Air. The biggest airport is Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport which is located like 6 miles southwest of the city.
By Sea – Pol Ferries operates connect Poland to Sweden, Denmark and Finland
By Rail – Polish State Railways (PKP) (website: www.pkp.pl) operates Eurocity trains from Poland various major European cities. But, all services from Western Europe to Poland pass all the way through the Czech Republic, Germany or the Slovak Republic. The main routes link Warsaw with Berlin and Cologne, Budapest, Prague and Vienna. There is also a car-sleeper service from the border of Holland to Poznan/ Warsaw.